One of basic purposes of a welfare state is how to generate more “income” or “wealth” to the people. Most countries had revolution because of the poverty and inequality issues. Just named it. From Indonesia in 1965 and 1998 to the Arab Spring in 2011 till today. Interestingly, if a nation wants to be a welfare state, why aren’t more countries run by economist? This topic is addressed by Washington Post (written by Brad Plumer). It is indeed a very interesting article. The writing is based on Mark Hallerberg and Joachim Wehner research paper. Please read it in this link http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/02/18/why-arent-more-countries-run-by-economists/
Why aren’t more countries run by economists?
Posted by Brad Plumer on February 18, 2013 at 1:19 pm
One of the main tasks of any modern government is to oversee a country’s economy. And yet, a great many nations are run by people with little or no economic expertise. Why is that?
Mark Hallerberg and Joachim Wehner have an interesting new paper trying to figure out “why governments sometimes appoint economic policymakers with economics training but often do not.” By studying the qualifications of more than 1,200 prime ministers, presidents, finance ministers, and central bankers in various democracies since the 1970s, they uncovered a few key patterns. Continue reading
Mengamati Perilaku untuk Keberhasilan Kebijakan Publik
Oleh: Rayenda Brahmana*
Apa yang bisa kita pelajari dari film X-Men: The Last Stand (2006)? Film tersebut menceritakan gagalnya pemerintah AS untuk menerapkan peraturan pengobatan para mutan. Sederhananya, gagalnya penerapan kebijakan tersebut karena pemerintah melupakan perilaku para mutan dalam mengambil keputusan. Ternyata, lebih banyak mutan yang sudah bisa menerima diri mereka apa adanya daripada mutan yang ingin menjadi manusia normal.
Di dunia nyata, beberapa kebijakan publik yang berhasil adalah kebijakan yang berbasiskan hasil pengamatan perilaku keputusan. Contohnya, Lee Kuan Yew, mantan Perdana Menteri Singapura, menerapkan kebijakan publik berbasiskan denda untuk menertibkan penduduknya. Menurutnya, penduduk Singapura takut kehilangan uang jerih payah mereka hanya karena masalah yang sebenarnya mudah untuk dilakukan (contohnya mengantri, tidak meludah, dan membuang sampah pada tempatnya). Continue reading
I found an interesting article about how to keep happiness from fading. It was written by Heidi Grant Halvorson, an author of Nine Things Successful People Do Differently and Succeed: How We Can Reach Our Goals. It discusses about hedonic adaptation. Basically it is based on a paper by Sheldon and Lyubomirsky who addressed two reason why happiness cannot last. You can read the full article in this link: http://www.forbes.com/sites/heidigranthalvorson/2012/08/14/how-to-keep-happiness-from-fading/
How to Keep Happiness From Fading
By: Heidi Grant Halvorson,
No matter how miserable you are feeling at the moment, if you look back, there have surely been events in your life that have made you happy. Maybe the time you bought your first car, or the time you received that long-desired promotion. Or the time you lost fifteen pounds and were able to get back into your favorite jeans without cutting off your circulation. When good things happen, we feel positive emotions – like excitement, relief, pride, and of course, happiness. These feelings are essential for our well-being. Continue reading